History of The Epagneul Breton
Commonly referenced in the western hemisphere as the “French Brittany,” the Epagneul Breton goes back much earlier than the breed’s official creation. In 1907, in Loudeac, France a lawyer named Arthur Enaud and other fanciers of the breed organized the first association which was created to nurture, develop and promote the breed.
Originally prized as an outstanding breed with which to hunt woodcock, the French breed club strived to develop the Epagneul Breton into a pointing dog suitable for hunting all species of upland game. The grey partridge (also known as the Hungarian partridge) eventually became a popular game bird in Europe which is hunted with the Epagneul Breton. Virtually all modern spring field trials in France and other countries in Europe are now conducted with the grey partridge as the designated game. Epagneul Bretons also commonly hunt snipe, pheasant, red legged partridge and forest grouse in France and other European countries.. Due to the perseverance and due diligence of the Frenchmen who stewarded the early selection, breeding and development of the Epagneul Breton as a hunting dog and companion, the breed has enjoyed enormous success around the world. The devotion, due diligence and tireless efforts of the Frenchmen who revere this breed which was developed in their native country have produced the fine Continental pointing dog of handsome appearance, which is the very sociable companion we presently enjoy around the world as the Epagneul Breton.
A slogan coined in France by the late former President of the Club Epagneul Breton, Gaston Pouchain stated that the Epagneul Breton provides “un maximum of qualities pour un volume minimum”– which translated into English means that the Epagneul Breton provides a “maximum of qualities in a minimum of volume.”
Today’s Epagneul Breton in America:
In America as in other parts of the world, the Epagneul Breton is now recognized and accepted as a separate and distinct breed from its distant cousin, the American Brittany. The official and formal separation of the Epagneul Breton into a distinct breed from the American Brittany breed in the United States was formally recognized and implemented by the United Kennel Club, Inc.(hereinafter referenced as the “UKC”) in 2002.
Many persons find the Epagneul Breton’s varied coloration unique and their overall appearance pleasing to the eye. The dogs are medium sized with a coat of white and orange, white and black, white and liver, or tricolor combinations in liver or black, mixed with the traditional white and orange. Pigmentation in the nose, feet, lips and eyelids of the Epagneul Breton is typically quite dark, approaching black; although some representatives possess a liver or orange pigmentation in the nose which is consistent with their coloration in the coat. Epagneul Bretons are sometimes born tailless, but usually have a short docked tail. Epagneul Bretons are sound, dynamic, athletic and efficient gun dogs for the foot hunter. Because of their intelligence, compact size and friendly, affectionate nature, the Epagneul Breton makes an outstanding companion for the family.
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